The United States Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals today upheld the 2001 Roadless Area Conservation Rule passed by the Clinton administration for the management of more than 50 million acres of federal land across the United States designated as roadless areas.
The Clinton rule limited road building on federal lands for industries such as mining, logging and oil and gas development, including more than 4 million acres in Colorado. The Bush administration set aside the Clinton rule, paving the way for more than a decade of litigation.
In 2008, a federal court in Wyoming found that the roadless rule violated federal environmental law. Today’s Court of Appeals decision overturns that 2008 ruling and opens the door for the Obama administration to enforce the Clinton rule.
In 2005, the Bush administration moved to a state-specific petition process that allowed individual states to draft their own roadless rules. Only Colorado and Idaho went that route, with then Colorado Gov. Bill Owens launching a six-year process that still has not been finalized.
Conservation groups have criticized the Colorado Roadless Rule for allowing too many exemptions for coal mining, logging and ski-area expansion.
“The decision clears the way for the Obama administration to fulfill its promise to enforce the roadless rule as the law of the land,” said Jane Danowitz, director of the Pew Environment Group’s U.S. public lands program. “It also allows the administration to reject a flawed Colorado plan to manage national forests there, developed as an ‘insurance policy’ when the national rule’s legal status was in doubt.”
Sportsmen’s groups have been working with Colorado officials and the U.S. Forest Service to make improvements to the Colorado rule, while simultaneously opposing recent legislation in the U.S. House called the Wilderness and Roadless Area Release Act (H.R. 1581) that would essentially invalidate the 2001 Clinton rule.
The Colorado rule also has divided the state’s congressional delegation, with freshman Republican Rep. Scott Tipton supporting more road building and senior Congresswoman Diana DeGette opposing the state rule and attempts to undermine the 2001 Clinton rule.
“As a fourth-generation Coloradoan, I am pleased with today’s ruling from the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals,” DeGette said in a statement. “Along with the 9th Circuit’s 2009 ruling, it removes the cloud of uncertainty that has lingered over the Roadless Rule for almost a decade, and will help ensure future generations have the same access to our country’s pristine outdoors that we enjoy today.”
The latest draft of the Colorado rule was deemed a better try by some Colorado conservation groups but still a miss. Mike King, head of the state’s Department of Natural Resources, has long maintained that the Colorado rule is better than the legal limbo faced by the Clinton rule and that the state rule recognizes the new dynamic of the ongoing mountain pine bark beetle epidemic by allowing for better thinning of dead and dying forest around mountain communities.
In 2009, a federal appeals court upheld a lower court ruling in favor of the 2001 Clinton rule. At that time, the Wyoming federal court decision was still being appealed. Colorado elected to stay the course and continue drafting its own rule.
“In Colorado in 2001, we didn’t have a bark-beetle epidemic, and now we find ourselves eight years later with at least 2 million, and maybe more like 2.5 million, acres of dead trees,” King said at the time. “Many of these acres are adjacent to communities, and the risk of catastrophic wildfire has increased exponentially as a result.”
Now the pine beetle epidemic has claimed more than 4 million acres of lodgepole pines. But the Colorado rule also includes exemptions for coal mining along the North Fork of the Gunnison River, where companies need to build roads to vent methane from underground coal mines. Those exemptions drew criticism from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Late Friday afternoon, King issued the following statement:
“The Colorado Roadless Rule is based on the essential elements and structure of the 2001 Roadless Rule that the 10th Circuit Court has today reaffirmed. Starting in 2005, Colorado has been engaged in an extensive public involvement process to develop consensus on a rule that makes sense for the various needs and uses of our forests while also finding ways to provide strong protection of these lands. That process has benefited from updated backcountry inventories for true roadless characteristics, the identification of high-value fish and wildlife habitat, and developing narrowly-tailored accommodation of activities critical to local economies that also includes wildfire protection for mountain communities.
“In addition, this ruling does not preclude further litigation, which could continue to create uncertainty. As a result, we will continue working to finalize the Colorado rule so we can provide clear and appropriate direction on the management and protection of national forest roadless areas in Colorado.”