People are calling Candi CdeBaca a Communist. She’d rather be called an anarchist.

An in-depth Q&A with the self-described radical leftist just elected to Denver's City Council

Candi CdeBaca outside her campaign HQ on 26th Avenue. (Photo by Alex Burness)

On April 10, Candi CdeBaca’s 33rd birthday, Denver’s second “bomb cyclone” of the year brought snow and heavy wind, and knocked out power in some areas, including at CdeBaca’s house in Elyria-Swansea. When CdeBaca, then a Denver City Council candidate, finally got power back and turned on her phone, she saw she had an unusually high number of missed calls and messages. Birthday wishes, she assumed.

“There was a death threat,” she said. “There were two of them within an hour. One of them said, ‘I was trained to kill commie shit like you.’”

The context: At a candidate forum on April 7, CdeBaca offered some remarks that, to many, sounded like she was advocating a Communist form of government.

“I don’t believe that our current economic system actually works. Capitalism, by design, is extractive, and in order to generate profit in a capitalist system, something has to be exploited,” she said. “I believe in community ownership of land, labor, resources, and distribution of those resources.

“And so, whatever that morphs into, I think is what will serve community the best, and I’m excited to usher it in by any means necessary.”

The menacing calls she received on her birthday were the first of what she said would eventually be “hundreds of death and rape threats.” The outrage died down after a few days but roared back to life after CdeBaca defeated the incumbent Councilman Albus Brooks in the June 4 runoff election for the city’s 9th Council District, which includes Elyria-Swansea, Globeville, Clayton, Whittier, Cole, Five Points Curtis Park and City Park.

Video of her April 7 remarks has been shared on countless blogs and news sites — mostly right-wing — and has been viewed and shared thousands of times on social media.

CdeBaca, a veteran community activist with a degree from the University of Denver Graduate School of Social Work, says she isn’t a Communist. But Jodi Dean, a professor at Hobart and William Smith Colleges and one of the country’s leading Communist political theorists, said the remarks in question sounded a lot like communism to her.

“What I think Candi did is to give a horizon, an ideal. That we can have a whole different model, we don’t have to be stuck in this model that has led to the largest carceral system in world history, that has led to people being foreclosed on and evicted, crazy large homeless populations. This is unreal. This extreme inequality is not working,” Dean said, arguing that people conflate totalitarian communism with the communism CdeBaca espouses: production based on need and not in the interests of the rich or corporations.

“Just ask somebody to tell you what they mean by democracy. They’d probably say rule by the people. They wouldn’t say bombing other countries into submission, but yet democratic societies have done this,” Dean said. “So we’ve got to be careful not to let some versions of 20th century history define an entire term. In the same way we shouldn’t do it for democracy, we shouldn’t do it for communism.”

Ahead of her July swearing-in, The Independent spoke with CdeBaca this week at her former campaign office on 26th Avenue, covering her thoughts on communism and much more.

This interview has been edited for clarity and brevity.

Do you identify as a Communist?

No, I don’t. I tried to run as unaffiliated, because I didn’t really subscribe to any particular label for my political affiliation.

But I have never believed in capitalism. When I started running, I affiliated as a Democrat because it was almost impossible to run as an unaffiliated. I started leaning more toward groups and parties that were trying to pull the Democratic Party more left. But the thing I never accepted with the party platform is how deeply connected it is to capitalism. The Democratic Socialists of America, the Working Families Party, they aligned more with my values.

I do believe that we should be developing based on need. I do believe that people should have the power, that the government shouldn’t have the power over everything. In fact, I feel like a lot of government-sanctioned violence and abuse and too much control is what catalyzed my race to protect my community. As far as the political structure around it, I do believe that in a democracy we should have control as the people over labor and resources and what happens to our tax dollars.

The Communist piece, I’ve been in places where we’ve demonized people for being Communists. I’ve been to Cuba. I love Cuba. I love the way there’s not that rampant consumerism like we have here. But I do understand that Cuba, in the global context, they still have to deal with capitalism. They still rely on tourism. They’re still shut off from a world that’s making them think they’re missing out on something. But I don’t think rampant consumerism has served us well. I think there’s a clear problem with our structure, both political and economic. We’ve allowed the concentration of wealth through the concentration of political power.

During the Cold War we distorted the meaning of (communism) so badly. And (Jodi Dean) is right. Part of me does identify with the social component of communism, but that totalitarian government piece is the way we understand communism. You have to dig really far to find the information, the scholarly articles that pull those two things apart.

So when you say you’re not a Communist, you mean that you’re not a Communist according to the definition used by people who you think misunderstand communism? You’re saying you’re comfortable with its ideals, but not how it’s seen?

Yes, that the way we understand communism is the problem. Even the way we understand anarchy — you could call me an anarchist. That would fit better than any other label. Anarchy is about us not needing that imposed structure from anyone, and just being cognizant and caring and compassionate enough to take care of ourselves and our communities and each other without anyone making it happen. It’d be like democratic socialism, except without anyone calling it that and imposing a structure. It’s more along the lines of a village model. When people call that a primitive style of governance, that’s offensive to me. The village model is probably the most effective model of taking care of communities. That’s what I’m all about: giving power to communities to take care of themselves and each other.

How will your beliefs be reflected in the municipal policies you push? What kind of governance can people expect from you?

I think people have seen it, they’ve seen the things I’ve fought for. The community land trust. I’d love to see more of that.

I want to see us putting people over profit. I’ve said it time and time again, that our local government is catering to developers and multinational corporations. I don’t think that we as the residents, the taxpayers of this city should be carrying the burden of growth so disproportionately. I believe the corporations and the developers should carry their fair share.

On a policy level, what does “people over profit” mean to you?

It means community bills of rights. It’s front-ending community benefit agreements and codifying them so that every single neighborhood isn’t expected to have the same fight over and over and over again. It’s us setting standards about what we need and what we want in this city. It’s using developers to get that done, but not allowing them to drive this conversation.

You’re going to be to the left of everyone else on the council. There’s 13 of you, so how do you take what you describe as your radical leftist agenda and try to craft policy that your colleagues can get behind?

I don’t think I’m as far away from other people as we’d think. I think a lot of others are fearful to really talk about how left they are socially. I’m fiscally conservative. So even though I have very liberal or leftist values socially, I don’t want to see us throwing money at problems, knowing money hasn’t solved the problems historically. I want us to use our resources wisely. You’d think that in a time of growth like this we’d have a surplus to allow us to do whatever we want in this city, but we haven’t used our resources wisely. There’s a lot of government waste.

So the way I’ll be able to work with other council members is because of how responsible I am when making decisions about money. I was raised on public assistance. I was raised in a two-bedroom, 600-square-foot household that I live in now, with between eight and 10 people living in that space at times. I have no problem with sharing, with compromise, with understanding both sides of the spectrum. I think it makes it easier for me to connect with people who have different worldviews.

Your “land, labor, resources” comment drew a lot of attention from the right. But what do you make of the criticism you’ve gotten from the left?

There’s that group of neoliberals or corporate democrats that really believe that the economic system works and that there’s ways we can reform it to work a little bit better. Those are the people that would probably not approve of a full-on denouncement of capitalism. And I respect that. I’m not asking them to. I know the context I’m working in. I know I’m not going to get rid of capitalism as a city councilperson. I have no control over weapons, over any larger structure. So for me, at the local level, it’s about taking what we have, the context we’re in, and making it as equitable as possible.

I don’t have the ability to, with a broad brush, paint all of these changes that people are thinking I’m going to make. But I’m going to push the council to think about the voices that are forgotten, about the people who don’t have the resources to even self-actualize to think about these things.

You’ve been fighting for a long time against the I-70 expansion. I heard you say recently it’s not too late to change course on it. What do you have in mind, and what change, realistically, do you expect you can affect there?

I mean, a lot of the highway projects that have been stopped historically have happened after construction had already begun. Jane Jacobs, the Manhattan Expressway.

Realistically, I don’t expect things to stop. I don’t expect them to change course. But the bridge (from Colorado Boulevard to Brighton Boulevard) hasn’t come down yet. Until the bridge comes down, there’s an opportunity to do something differently.

What’s your No. 1 policy goal in your first term?

You know, for the first 100 days, I think we really need to decriminalize homelessness. That’s something I didn’t come into the campaign thinking would be my top goal, but it came up so much, it colored the entire campaign — not just mine, but every single race in the city.

There are people on the council now who say they never supported the camping ban but that they didn’t support (Initiative) 300 either and they thought we could do better. The people who displaced incumbents all said the same thing on the campaign trail. So I think there is a middle ground there where you do decriminalize homelessness, but you don’t take it as far as 300, which didn’t fully define public space, which didn’t fully define curfews or ramifications for people if people were in public space after hours. There’s that opportunity to settle on something that’s more compassionate and humane. But we can’t do that without investing in solutions at the same time. I really want to see a 24-hour shelter become a reality.

The vote on 300 was so decisive — about 4 to 1. What did it tell you about the people in this city, the politics of the city?

It didn’t surprise me. I had the expectation that money would drive the decisions. Most voters aren’t going to dig in and do the research. Look at the clerk and recorder race — 20,000 undervotes. People aren’t taught to go further than what you’re giving them, and when you have the money to put something in someone’s mail every single day, you’re giving them enough information to make a decision, even though it’s uninformed. When you have an ad popping up on their phone every single day, you can shift the conversation. Without the money to fight back, that’s a one-sided narrative.

The mayor’s race attracted a lot of big money, too. When I ran into you on Welton Street after the May 7 election, you said you were staying the hell away from the mayor’s race and the “unity” ticket (Jamie Giellis plus Penfield Tate and Lisa Calderón). Who’d you end up voting for in that race?


Who I voted for for mayor doesn’t matter.

But why did you want to keep your distance from the race?

Because of the optics. Everyone involved in that race, they were political newbies. Even though I know we would have ended up in a better position with Jamie, I don’t think Jamie had the ability to articulate why. The people who jumped in with that, with Penfield and Lisa — when they jumped in, I think that it made perfect sense for them to jump in. Jamie’s camp did not listen to Penfield and Lisa about how they should be crafting the message, about what they should be doing. Jamie’s funders dumped in money to Lisa’s race before the race was even over, and even though that’s pretty standard, the optics were bad. All of it was just a burning dumpster fire.

I knew that, for me, I had to run a perfect race to unseat an incumbent like Albus. I had to run a race without mistakes. That was my strength in the end. We didn’t make mistakes. Jamie made a lot of mistakes in critical points of the race, and I don’t think that the unity ticket was put out to the public in the way that it should have been.

Have you been in touch with Albus Brooks since you won?

I saw him last night. We were at a community meeting for I-70. He called me the day after the election to concede. It wasn’t a long call. It was just, “You ran a good race,” “You did, too,” and “Let’s meet up and transition.” We’re trying to pin down a date to meet.

We had a race that was really divisive in our community. I’m trying to figure out how do we repair the harm that was caused. It turned into an all-out, generational, black-brown war. And to me that was painful, because my ties in this community go back generations, and to have had to fight the way that we fought, and break up votes in families, it sucked. It wasn’t fun to see families fighting internally because the older generation wanted to go with Albus because of (former Mayor Wellington) Webb and the younger generation wanted to go with me because of reality. We’ve got to find a way to repair that harm. That’s even more a higher priority to me than the policy.

We started off talking about you being labeled as a Communist and criticized for it. But in some media there are others comparing you to Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez. Your campaign flyer looks a lot like hers did. How’d you come up with it, and how do you think you compare to her?

What I loved about her logo is that she actually built her logo off of political propaganda from the 50s and 60s, with Rosie the Riveter and Si Se Puede. When she used it, to me, it was a legacy of a struggle for justice. When I saw it, I thought it would be the perfect way for people to recognize that this is part of a movement and not just a small race in Denver. It was absolutely inspired by her. But to a lot of people, the thing that was most similar was the exclamation points around my name. But that’s just punctuation in Spanish, and I wanted to really cue in voters to the fact that I am a Latina, and I think that was the most visible way to do it.

I’m honored to be in the same sentence as her. I think she’s activated a lot of the same people I have. Younger people, different racial and ethnic groups that have been left behind historically. I think that this is a movement, and I hope to be able to create some of the impact that she’s had on the federal level, locally.

Do you aspire to higher office?

No, I don’t. As hard as my race was, I can’t even imagine what it would be like trying to represent an even more diverse population.

Anything you want to add?

I do want to say that people painting the “by any means necessary” line as dangerous — that’s rooted in racism. (CdeBaca was referring to her April 7 comment: “I believe in community ownership of land, labor, resources, and distribution of those resources. And so, whatever that morphs into, I think is what will serve community the best, and I’m excited to usher it in by any means necessary.”)

People say “by any means necessary” all the time. It never has this meaning attached to it, unless it’s a black or brown person that says it.

Everything you can possibly do to affect change, that’s what I’ve been doing. That’s what I’m going to do. And that’s all I was referring to.


  1. Mr. Burness,
    Great piece!

    You asked some very tough but fair questions that will give voters a much clearer picture of who Candi CdeBaca is and what her beliefs are.

    Thank you, Mr. Burness.

  2. I had no idea that acknowledging the fact that Capitalism is extractive was such a controversial stance.

    Such snowflakes!

  3. Actually, people don’t say “by any means necessary” all the time, but rather when they are willing to use coercion when convincing fails.

  4. The by any means necessary has particularly abhorrent meaning when communists say it. Because the 20th century is filled with exactly what they will do to implement that evil ideology.

    Secondly, anarchism is on the completely other end of the freedom spectrum from communism. One wants no government, the other wants 100% government. Read something. Words mean things. It isn’t just about being edgy.

  5. an·ar·chy
    absence of government and absolute freedom of the individual, regarded as a political ideal.
    Synonyms: lawlessness · absence of government · nihilism · mobocracy · revolution · insurrection · riot · rebellion · mutiny · disorder · disorganization · misrule · chaos · tumult

    “There’s that group of neoliberals or corporate democrats that really believe that the economic system works and that there’s ways we can reform it to work a little bit better. Those are the people that would probably not approve of a full-on denouncement of capitalism.” – Candi CdeBaca

    “Even the way we understand anarchy — you could call me an anarchist. That would fit better than any other label.” – Candi CdeBaca

    “But the thing I never accepted with the (Democrat) party platform is how deeply connected it is to capitalism.” – Candi CdeBaca

  6. Highly concerned with the way things look to others yet willing to implement extractive communist policies as long as she can put a happy face and pleasant collectivist words in front of it.

    Putting community first was what Russia was doing when it starved an entire village to death. It put the larger community first by sacrifing those and millions of others, just as thus blithering idiot promotes.

    She even speaks positively of cube because it doesn’t have consumerism yet she doesn’t grasp the concept that the reason they don’t have that is because everyone is poor and the state takes most of what people have. That is why they still flee Cuba on rafts made of trash to seek a better life outside of those community first policies.

  7. Why no mention of the racism that infiltrated her campaign? It has been well documented that she stood by as the Denver for working Families party distributed racist material against her opponent Mr. Brooks.

    Giving her a voice and allowing her to hold her office is condoning a level of racism not even Trump has stooped to.

  8. The fact that folks will actually elect people like this makes me fear for the future of this great country. I thought that the politics here in the NW and in Portland, OR specifically were off the rails but wow… Best wishes and good luck Colorado!!

  9. She not a two year old either, she says. She hates capitalism because it gives people the liberty to live without being oppressed. These two year old A students speak for whom? Teacher’s union? She hates Christians because they are ‘set free’ from her bloviating! She is nothing less than a tyrant. She can call herself whatever she likes, but voters – who don’t care what the ‘teacher’ said anyway and who can read the history of capitalism frankly- CAN THINK FOR THEMSELVES!!! Oh, the horror!!

  10. Mr. Abatie,

    How close was the Peabody Award-winning TV show Portlandia’s portrayal of life in Portland to real life in Portland?

  11. Like republicans who will destroy any and all democratic institutions to get their way and remain in power.

  12. I liked the article.
    Most Baby-Boomers, (my age), were conditioned to hate communism and believe what we were told on TV.
    What we have right now isn’t sustainable.
    She might want to consider: Castro put Anarchist’s in prison. You can’t trust authority like that.

  13. What did you just say???…. all I took away from it was: You were, and still are conditioned by your television.

  14. Yea I heard the “by any means necessary quote” without knowing her name or race and did not like that sentiment. Shared labor by any means necessary sounds an awful lot like extreme policy. Saying its racist to criticize her language there, or be threatened by the statement is actually a cowardly cop out on her part and an unwillingness to truly acknowledge the alarming nature of such a comment.

    Not saying this city council person is a threat to anyone, I dont believe that. It is ok however for people to be defensive because government was the biggest killer of people in the 20th century. It’s ok to be vigilant. I live in JeffCo.

  15. I’m disgusted that she got into government at all. I don’t know the parameters of her duties, but God help Colorado, and may the people of Colorado know better than to let this piece of shit advance to a more prominent office.

  16. I am just curious how many homeless does she have in her front yard. Where she has to clean up the feces and urine

  17. This is BIOTERRORISM pure and simple. The covid19 has killed 9 people the threat of maliciously spreading a deadly disease is TERRORISM LAW ENFORCEMENT MUST PROTECT THE PUBLIC This is the equivalent of Shouting FIRE in crowded Theater

  18. “By any means necessary” is the key phrase that is getting attention. I don’t care WHAT you believe, when you threaten ANY MEANS as NECESSARY to implement your vision on people who are all endowed with a free mind, then you have just demonstrated that your own concepts are not palatable and are going to be resisted and that violence will have to be the answer to your cause.

    I used to be a socialist progressive thinking person, too. But at some point, I saw that such thinking begins to take a life of its own, fueled by a righteousness that is EASILY appropriated by Tyrants and Fascists. The biggest problem with Marxist ideals is that they ALWAYS end up trying to solve inequality and poverty with confiscatory methods that are NOT necessary. The Mondragons of Spain figured out how to implement their own PRIVATE worker controls and wealth management…..ON THEIR OWN. Anyone is FREE to walk away from it at any time. Using government as the hammer to force your hubris WILL be resisted and you WILL be STOPPED. Rethink your status and recalculate. Your rhetoric is stale and tired. It’s the same thing we hear all the time.

    Throwing out capitalist markets means that the PEOPLE can’t be trusted to make their own way in this world. You always assume that everyone wants to be a Bloomberg. No, we don’t. We don’t want to be poor and we don’t want to be oligarchs. We want to be productive and prosperous and enjoy what we earn. That doesn’t mean that homelessness is a natural fallout from that. Only Marxist dystopias say that. I lived at a time in this nation when homelessness was rare and only ONE parent has to work to create the economic stability for the family. Elites took that all away and replaced it with PHONY Kapitalism that ruined what Adam Smith wanted. You call yourself a “progressive.” Go find what Chomksy says about Smith. He knows Smith would be appalled at what we have today. Stop pretending that you know everything and stop coddling people like Castro and all the other “heroes” of you revolution. You don’t know what you’re talking about. Wake up and look around a little harder. I did.

  19. More on the homelessness problem. Until the finance system is reformed to reinstate a STABLE inflation fighting status, like it used to be… will have to BE THE CHANGE as progressives always like to boast. It is within YOUR OWN power to create a solution out of your own pockets on a collective basis. Implement a voluntary tax from the population of Denver, which would contribute to a go-fund-me campaign, with a tax deferred status, to apply toward the problem. This is done by missionaries all over the world. You will then gain understanding of the real estate market and SEE once and for all, that the real solution is that TOO MUCH money exists in the market, and that Ron Paul and the Austrian economists were correct all along. You will probably get a sizeable amount of homeless under roof, but you will run out of money in a FAUX free market system. You will of course complain that all you need to do is tax the “rich people” for your cause. What happens is that your policy ALWAYS turns on the middle class, and then the accomplished Marxists then indict the middle class as the bourgeoisie vs the working class and here we go again. The hammer always looks like the easy answer. That’s why nuclear weapons get built. There’s always a tyrant with a cause to appropriate.

  20. I dont know of any republicans who practice by any means necessary but i do see that the majority of democrats attempting to impeach an innocent president, smearing an honest superior court judge and blaming the republicans for what the democrats have done. In a nutshell…the democrat party if the most corrupt party in history.

  21. I been all around the world. I have never seen anyone trying to sneak into a communist / socialist country. Not one.

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